IR Notes (2003)

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Week 1    International Relations Research Methods

Wayne Gary King, Robert O. Keohane, and Sidney Verba. Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994. Chapter 1-3, 6.
Yev Detlef F. Sprinz and Yael N. Wolinsky (eds., under review). Cases, Numbers, Models: International Relations Research Methods Volume introduction, introduction to each section, plus one additional chapter from each section according to interest.

Week 2     The Strategic Choice Approach: Realism and Liberalism

Jong Kwon David Lake and Robert Powell, eds. Strategic Choice and International Relations. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999. Chapter 1.
Olivia Thomas Hobbes. Leviathan. New York, Penguin, 1968 (1651). Chapter 13.
Olivia Kenneth Waltz. Theory of International Politics. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1979. Chapters 4, 5, 6.
Olivia John J. Mearsheimer. The Tragedy of Great Power Politics. New York: Norton, 2001. Chapters 1 and 2.
Olivia Robert O. Keohane. After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton University Press, 1984. Chapter 1.
Jacob Andrew Moravcsik, "Taking Preferences Seriously: Liberalism and International Relations Theory," International Organization (Fall 1997), 512-553.
Jacob Robert Jervis. "Cooperation under the Security Dilemma." World Politics 30:2 (1978), pp. 167-214.

Week 3    Non-Rationalist Approaches: Psychology and Socialization

Wayne Robert Jervis. Perception and Misperception in International Politics. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976. Chapters 1-4.
Alexis Robert Jervis, “Political Implications of Prospect Theory,” in Barbara Farnham, ed. Avoiding Losses/Taking Risks: Prospect Theory and International Conflict. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1994. pp. 23-40.
Anders Stephen P. Rosen, “Decisions without Calculations: Emotion-based and Expert Pattern Recognition and Political Decision-Making” unpublished manuscript. (63 pp.)
Jong Kwon Alastair Iain Johnston, Cultural Realism: Strategic Culture and Grand Strategy in Chinese History (Princeton 1995), Ch. 2 (pp. 32-60) or Chapter 7 (Johnston) in Katzenstein, ed. Culture of National Security.
Jacob Alexander Wendt. Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Chapter 1.
Asif Martha Finnemore and Kathryn Sikkink, “International Norm Dynamics and Political Change,” International Organization 52:4 (Autumn 1998), pp. 887-917.

Week 4     Domestic Society and Institutions

Alexis Jeffry A. Frieden, "Actors and Preferences in International Relations," in Strategic Choice and International Relations, edited by D. A. Lake and R. Powell. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Anders Ronald Rogowski, “Institutions as Constraints on Strategic Choice,” in Lake and Powell, eds. Strategic Choice and International Relations, pp. 115-136.
Asif Graham Allison, “Conceptual Models and the Cuban Missile Crisis,” American Political Science Review 63 (September 1969), pp. 689-718.
Alexis George W. Downs and David M. Rocke.  Tacit Bargaining, Arms Races, and Arms Control. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan. Pages 92-100.
Yongwook Michael Doyle, “Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs, Part I,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, vol. 12, no. 3 (Summer, 1983), pp. 205-235.
Olivia Helen V. Milner, Interests, Institutions, and Information: Domestic Politics and Information. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997. Chapters 3 and 4. (pp. 67-134)
Johan John Owen, “How Liberalism Produces Democratic Peace,” International Security 19:2 (Fall 1994), pp. 87-125.
Olivia Philip G. Roeder, “Soviet Policies and Kremlin Politics,” International Studies Quarterly, vol. 28 (1984), pp. 171-193.

Week 5    Global Society and Transnational Socialization

Jacob Peter Alexis Gourevitch, “The Second Image Reversed,” International Organization 32:4, (Autumn, 1978), pp. 881-912.
Yev Robert O. Keohane and Helen V. Milner, eds., Internationalization and Domestic Politics New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996. Chs. 1-3, 5, 7. (pp. 3-75, 108-136, 159-185)
Jong Kwon Jeffry A. Frieden, “Invested Interests: The Politics of National Economic Policies in a World of Global Finance,” International Organization 45:4 (Autumn 1991), pp. 425-51.
Johan Ronald Rogowski, “Political Cleavages and Changing Exposure to Trade,” American Political Science Review 81:4 (December 1987), pp. 1121-38.
Jacob Wendt, Alexander. 1999. Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Chapters 3 and 4.
Johan Richard Price, "Reversing the Gun Sights: Transnational Civil Society Targets Land Mines.," International Organization 52:3 (1998), pp. 613-644.
Yongwook Margaret E. Keck and Kathryn Sikkink, Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998. Chs. 1, 3. (pp. 1-38, 79-120)
Jacob Kahler, Miles. 1999. Evolution, Choice and International Change. In Strategic Choice and International Relations, edited by D. A. Lake and R. Powell. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Anders Lars-Erik Cederman, "Modeling the Democratic Peace as a Kantian Selection Process," Journal of Conflict Resolution 45:4 (2001), pp. 470-502.
Olivia Hendrik Spruyt. The Sovereign State and its Competitors. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994. Chapter 8.

Week 6     Power and Conflict

Alexis David A. Baldwin, “Power Analysis and World Politics,” World Politics 31 (January 1979), pp. 161-194.
Anders Stephen D. Krasner, “State Power and the Structure of Foreign Trade,” World Politics 28:3 (April 1976), pp. 317-347.
Yev Kalevi J. Holsti, Peace and War: Armed Conflicts and International Order, 1648-1989, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. pp. 1-24, 306-334.
Jong Kwon John J. Mearsheimer, The Tragedy of Great Power Politics. New York: Norton, 2001. Chapters 3 and 4.
Fotini Thomas C. Schelling, The Strategy of Conflict. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960. Chapters 2, 3.
Leif Thomas C Schelling, Arms and Influence. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1966. Chapters 2, 3.
Yongwook Geoffrey Blainey, The Causes of War, 3rd ed. New York: The Free Press, 1988. Chapter 8.
Phil James D. Fearon, "Rationalist Explanations for War," International Organization 49:3 (1995), pp. 379-414.
Jacob James Morrow, “The Strategic Setting of Choices: Signaling, Commitment, and Negotiation in International Politics,” in Lake and Powell, eds. Strategic Choice and International Relations, pp. 77-114.
Alexis Robert Powell, In the Shadow of Power. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999. Chapters 1-3.

Week 7    Domestic Institutions and Conflict

Yongwook David Lake, “Powerful Pacifists: Democratic States and War,” American Political Science Review 86:1 (March 1992), pp. 24-37.
Phil James Fearon, “Domestic Political Audiences and the Escalation of International Disputes,” American Political Science Review 88:3 (Sept. 1994), pp. 577-592.
Johan Kenneth A. Schultz, “Domestic Opposition and Signaling in International Crises,” American Political Science Review 92:4 (December 1998), pp. 829-44.
Johan Robert D. Putnam, “Diplomacy and Domestic Politics,” International Organization 42:3 (Summer 1988), pp. 427-461.
Wayne Peter Evans, Harold K. Jacobson, and Robert Putnam, eds. Double-Edged Diplomacy: International Politics and Domestic Politics (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993), Chapters by Odell, Kahler, Evans. (pp. 233-264, 363-394, 397-430)
Alexis T. Clifton Morgan and Sally H. Campbell, “Domestic Structure, Decisional Constraints, and War: So Why Kant Democracies Fight?” Journal of Conflict Resolution 35:2, pp. 187-211.
Asif Bear Braumoeller, “Deadly Doves: Liberal Nationalism and the Democratic Peace in the Soviet Successor States,” International Studies Quarterly 41:3 (1997), pp. 375-402
Jong Kwon Kenneth A. Schultz, “Do Domestic Institutions Constrain or Inform? Contrasting Two Institutional Perspectives on Democracy and War,” International Organization 52:2 (Spring 1999), pp. 233-66.
Asif Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, James D. Morrow, Randolph M. Siverson, and Alastair Smith, "An Institutional Explanation of the Democratic Peace," American Political Science Review 93:4, pp. 791-807.

Week 8     Offense-Defense, Power Transition and Preventive War

Fotini Stephen Van Evera, “The Cult of the Offensive and the Origins of the First World War,” in Steven E. Miller, ed., Military Strategy and the Origins of the First World War, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1984. pp. 58-107.
Leif Scott D. Sagan, "1914 Revisited: Allies, Offense and Instability," International Security 11:2 (1986), pp. 109-133. (Also in Miller ed., Military Strategy and the Origins of the First World War.)
Leif Marc Trachtenberg, “The Coming of the First World War: A Reassessment,” International Security 15:3 (Winter 1990-91).
Fotini Stephen Van Evera, Causes of War: Power and the Roots of Conflict, Cornell: Cornell Univesity Press, 1999, Ch. 6. (pp. 117-192)
Anders Thucydides, The Peloponnesian War, New York: Norton Critical Edition, 1998. To the Pentecontaetia.
Asif A.F.K. Organski and Jacek Kugler. The War Ledger. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980. Chapter 1.
Yongwook Robert Gilpin, War and Change in International Politics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981. pp. 1-49, 85-105, 156-210.
Isaac Dale Copeland, The Origins of Major War. Ithaca: Cornell University Press (2001), Chapters 1-4.
Leif Robert Powell, In the Shadow of Power. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999. Chapter 4.
Johan Randall L. Schweller, "Domestic Structure and Preventive War: Are Democracies More Pacific?" World Politics 44:2 (1992, pp. 235-69.
Fotini Barry R. Posen, “The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict”, Survival 35:1, pp. 27-47.
Fotini James D. Fearon, “Commitment Problems and the Spread of Ethnic Conflict”, in D.A. Lake and D. Rothchild eds., The International Spread of Ethnic Conflict, Princeton University Press (1998).

Week 9     Balance of Power, Institutions and Alliances

Yongwook Karl Deutsch and J. David Singer, “Multipolar Power Systems and International Stability,” World Politics 16:3 (1964), pp. 390-406.
Asif Ted Hopf, “Polarity, the Offense-Defense Balance, and War,” American Political Science Review 85:2 (1991), pp. 475-493.
Alexis Stephen M. Walt, Origins of Alliances. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987. Chapters 1, 2, 5.
Johan Randall L. Schweller, “Bandwagoning for Profit: Bringing the Revisionist State Back In,” International Security 19 (1994), pp. 72-107.
Jong Kwon John J. Mearsheimer, The Tragedy of Great Power Politics. New York: Norton, 2001. Chapters 5, 8.
Yev Robert Powell, In the Shadow of Power. Princeton: Princeton University Press 1999. Chapter 5.
Asif Dan Reiter, “Learning, Realism, and Alliances: The Weight of the Shadow of the Past,” World Politics 46 (July 1994), pp. 490-526.
Anders Alastair Smith. "Alliance Formation and War," International Studies Quarterly, 39:4, pp. 405-426.
Anders Erik Voeten, "Outside Options and the Logic of Security Council Action," American Political Science Review 95:4 (2001), pp. 845-858.
Johan Sophie Meunier, "What Single Voice? European Institutions and EU-US Trade Negotiations," International Organization 54:1 (2000), pp. 103-135.

Week 10     Cooperation Theory and Collective Action

Jacob Robert Axelrod, The Evolution of Cooperation, New York: Basic Books, 1984. Chs. 1-4; pp. 3-87.
Isaac Kenneth A. Oye, ed., "Cooperation Under Anarchy," Princeton University Press, 1986. (Also available in World Politics 38:1 (October 1985).) Chapters by Oye, Downs, Rocke and Siverson, Conybeare, and Keohane and Axelrod.
Phil James D. Fearon, “Bargaining, Enforcement, and International Cooperation,” International Organization 52:2 (Spring 1998), pp. 269-306.
Jong Kwon Charles Kindleberger, The World In Depression, 2nd edition, Chapter 14, pp. 288-305.
Anders David A. Lake, “Leadership, Hegemony, and the International Economy: Naked Emperor or Tattered Monarch with Potential?” International Studies Quarterly 37 (December 1993), pp. 459-489.
Yongwook Todd Sandler, "The Economic Theory of Alliances: A Survey," Journal of Conflict Resolution 37:3 (1993), pp. 446-483.
Asif Andrew Moravcsik, “Negotiating the Single European Act: National Interests and Conventional Statecraft in the European Community,” International Organization 45:1 (Winter 1991), pp. 19-56.
Yev James Alt and Michael Gilligan, “The Political Economy of Trading States: Factor Specificity, Collective Action Problems and Domestic Political Institutions,” Journal of Political Philosophy 2:2 (1994), pp. 165-192.

Week 11     Information, Institutions and Cooperation

Leif Barbara Koremenos, Charles Lipson, and Duncan Snidal, "The Rational Design of International Institutions," International Organization 55:4 (2001), pp. 761-800.
Leif Andrew Kydd, "Trust Building, Trust Breaking: The Dilemma of NATO Enlargement," International Organization 55:4 (2001), pp. 801-828.
Asif Peter B. Rosendorff and Helen Milner, "The Optimal Design of International Trade Institutions: Uncertainty and Escape," International Organization 55:4 (2001), pp. 829-858.
Jong Kwon Robert O. Keohane, After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy, Princeton University Press, 1984. Chs. 9 (pp. 182-216.)
Johan Lisa L. Martin, “Interests, Power, and Multilateralism,” International Organization 46:4 (Autumn 1992), pp. 765-92.
Fotini Abram and Antonia Chayes, “On Compliance,” International Organization 47:2 (Spring 1993), pp. 175-206.
Leif George Downs, David M. Rocke, and Peter N. Barsoom, “Is the Good News about Compliance Good News about Cooperation?” International Organization 50 (1996), 379-406.
Isaac Anne-Marie Burley and Walter Mattli, “Europe before the Court: A Political Theory of Legal Integration,” International Organization 47 (Winter 1993), pp. 41-76. Plus responses by Geoffrey Garrett and Mattli/Slaughter, International Organization 49:1 (Winter 1995), pp. 171-190.
Anders Paul Pierson, “The Path to European Union: An Historical Institutionalist Account,” Comparative Political Studies 29:2 (April 1996), pp. 123-164.
Jong Kwon William Bernhard and David Leblang, “Democratic Institutions and Exchange-Rate Commitments,” International Organization 53:1 (Winter 1999), pp. 71-97.
Asif Lisa MartinDemocratic Commitments: Legislatures and International Cooperation, Princeton University Press, 2000. Chs. 2 and 7. (pp. 21-52, 164-189)

Week 12    Ideas, Identity, Norms and Cooperation

Phil Judith Goldstein and Robert Keohane, eds. Ideas and Foreign Policy: Beliefs, Institutions, and Political Change, Cornell University Press, 1993. Chapters 1, 4, 5, 6.
Fotini Leif Johan Peter M. Haas, ed. Knowledge, Power and International Policy Coordination, Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1992. (Also in International Organization, 46:1) Chapters by Haas, Adler, Haas, Ikenberry, Sebenius and Adler and Haas.
Yongwook Alexander Wendt. Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Chapters 6, 7.
Anders Emanuel Adler and Michael Barnett, eds. Security Communities. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Chapters 2, 4.
Phil Peter Katzenstein, ed. The Culture of National Security: Norms and Identity in World Politics, New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. Chapters 1 (Katzenstein), 5 (Finnemore), 10 (Risse-Kappen) and 12 (Kowert and Legro). (pp. 1-32, 153-185, 357-399, 451-497)

Disclaimer: These are informal summaries, which may include direct quotes not specifically identified by quotation marks. These unattributed quotations are cited in so far as the article from which they were drawn is clearly identified at the beginning of each summary.